My favorite Vim pluginsSun, Feb 20, 2011
Once you get comfortable with Vim’s basic commands and editing capabilities, you will want to start customizing your install. The 2 most common approaches are:
- customized .vimrc
I will talk about my .vimrc in a future post, for now lets take a look at the plugins I found most useful.
Most vim plugins can be found on the official site but its not the most user friendly site for finding the best plugins. You will probably want to look around for posts by other programmers and see what they are using. Vim is a well established and highly customizable editor, and as such, many quality plugins have been developed over its lifetime. When you search online you will find that the same plugins are mentioned time and time again.
Installing plugins is done in 1 of 3 ways.
- copy a .vim script into ~/.vim/plugins
- unzip a zip file into ~/.vim
- open a vimball script (.vba) in vim and source it (
The website or help file for each plugin usually indicates which install mechanism to use, and each of the 3 ways are fairly easy.
As I spent my first few weeks with Vim I went on a little bit of a plugin spending spree, trying out lots of scripts I thought might be useful to me, but in practice only a handful ended up getting repeated use. I expect that list to change as I use Vim more and more for real programming and learn what is important and what is irrelevant.
The 3 plugins I find myself using the most are commandt, bufexplorer and ack:
After spending many years using the file open dialog in Visual Studio or UltraEdit, I can’t help be
a little jealous of TextMate users who get to open files using fuzzy matching with Command-T. So now
that I am switching to Vim I finally get to open my files efficiently as well with this plugin, that
I have mapped to
Note that while the install of this plugin is a simple vimball, it has some requirements that are tricky to get correct. First, you need a version of Vim that is built with Ruby support enabled, second you need to have the same version of ruby available that was used to build vim (1.8.7), and finally you need a C compiler to build the ruby extension used to make this plugin fast and efficient.
Here are the steps I took to install…
Check to see that my version of vim (debian vim-gnome) has ruby enabled:
vim --version | grep ruby ... +ruby ... ... -lruby1.8 ...
I work with ruby on my projects, but most of them have moved on to ruby1.9, so I need to install ruby1.8 and setup debian alternatives to be able to switch between the 2 versions.
sudo apt install ruby1.8 ruby1.8-dev rdoc1.8 ri1.8 sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/ruby ruby /usr/bin/ruby1.8 400 \ --slave /usr/share/man/man1/ruby.1.gz ruby.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1/ruby1.8.1.gz \ --slave /usr/bin/ri ri /usr/bin/ri1.8 \ --slave /usr/bin/irb irb /usr/bin/irb1.8 \ --slave /usr/bin/rdoc rdoc /usr/bin/rdoc1.8 sudo update-alternatives --config ruby sudo ruby --version
NOTE: I like to use the packaged debian versions of ruby. If you prefer to use RVM then your steps to install 1.8 and 1.9 side by side will differ.
Install the plugin:
vim command-t.vba :source % :q
Compile the C ruby extension:
sudo update-alternatives --config ruby # ensure 1.8 is current ruby version cd ~/.vim/ruby/command-t ruby extconf.rb make
Its the trickiest vim plugin to install, but its well worth it, giving you instant access to your project’s files if you have a rough idea of the name or path.
As soon as you start opening multiple files you have to deal with managing those buffers, and this plugin makes life much easier than using raw Vim commands. Install the plugin by unzipping into your ~/.vim directory, then map an appropriate key, e.g:
map <C-b> :BufExplorer<CR>
… and now you can use that key to quickly list all your open buffers and switch between them. Easy and useful. Nice!
The absolute, most important tool in a programmers arsenal is the ability to efficiently find what you need amongst hundreds of files. We talk about grep as the tool that does that, but ack is a better grep designed for programmers, it has some knowledge about the types of files and knows to ignore things like .svn folders and temporary files.
The ack.vim plugin gives you an :Ack command within Vim that will run ack in the shell then present the results in a quickfix pane that can be used to quickly navigate to each line that contains your match.
To install ack in ubuntu:
sudo apt install ack-grep sudo ln -s /usr/bin/ack-grep /usr/local/bin/ack
Then follow the official instructions to install the ack.vim plugin.
Beyond that core, these are the other plugins that I use:
- CSApprox - make vim color schemes work in terminal vim. NOTE: requires vim built with GUI support (e.g. vim-gnome)
- NERD_tree - file system explorer. Map
<C-f>to :NERDTreeToggle and you can expand/collapse a file system pane.
- session - easily persist and restore editing sessions
- taglist - structural source code browser, navigate tags within your open buffers
- ZoomWin - zoom in and out of current window pane (e.g. toggle splits on and off)
And here are a few that I thought would be great, but I just never ended up using:
- MRU - I thought having quick access to most recent files would be critical, but I ended up using either a saved session or a quick command-t fuzzy find and never really used the MRU list.
- Conque Shell - I really, really wanted to use Vim split windows and have a file in one and a shell in the other, but it doesn’t feel natural using a vim buffer to manage a shell and I ended up not using this. Instead I end up using vim inside tmux (or multiple putty windows).
Finally, here are some that I want to use, but have not yet got around to trying: